The serious systematic changes on technological, socio-economic and cultural conditions of England in the 18th century has distributed over all throughout the world where economy based on manual labour has been replaced by the making of goods with the use of machinery. It started with the operation of cottons and textiles using hand-use equipment into textile manufacturing, introduction of steam powered engines, increased use of purified coals and the development of fireplace in the melting of irons. Such advancement leads trade expansion that enables construction of artificial waterways, improved roads and railways.
By the mid 19th century, a gradual increase of the largest textile industries had stretched worldwide and even reached the United States that hastened the occurrence and the need of roads as a medium of transportation not only by passengers but also trade goods. In history, a recognised way or path had been made to allow easy travel importing goods and products of the native people. At that time, many roads were built without any formal construction or maintenance as long as it could provide space for passing and serve as a roadway in urban areas. In 1846, this development enabled the ability to move unnatural materials and ready made goods out of the country that required railroad use to expand transportation qualities and make them more standardised and consistent. Preceding the railroads, goods and cargo were moved via horse, four-wheeled vehicles and waterways to cross markets around the world.
Rail transport has been adopted in England to transport products and passengers along railways or railroads by means of railway trucks that serve as vehicles chained together displaying indications called trains. Examples of first railroads are the Providence and Worcester Railroad completed in 1846 to make available and help the people, capitalised by Rhode Island business tycoons. These transportation processes made Woonsocket a warehouse of the finest direct-control train stations in England and made Depot Square as the profitable commerce and transportation centre of the city. In 1849, Blackstone manager of industrial enterprise, Welcome Farnum built the second railroad distinguished as the New York and New England railroad to function on Boston in order to precede his manufacturing profession in the open-trade area of Woonsocket. The operations of these two railroads lasted up to 1863 until Airline railroads began and offered the function to continue the service all the way until exclusive control came in over most of southern places of New England.
Until such time when the first member of a trade union ever elected to national legislative body, Charles Hayes made his assault to establish a rail connection from Montreal to an ice free harbour in the United States to allow quality products to travel in and out of the country when the St. Lawrence Seaway stiffened in the winter. He began to build the Grand Trunk Line to move in a particular direction to Boston and New York using another railroad as a base. Less fortunate, the construction of Grand Trunk Line continued as no longer supported when Hayes was killed on his way home from visiting an acquaintance from London riding the Titanic ship. In 1915, though not fully completed, the project was eventually abandoned without having a single mile of structure put in place.
Unlike today, as comparison began to rise, England arrived in a period of more enhancements and improvements, new railroads and other mediums of transportation were introduced and made especially for the increasing population and industry of England.
Original Authors: Phil Post
Edit Update Authors: M.A.Harris
Updated On: 23/07/2008